The largest city of Ukraine is Kiev, the national capital. While no one knows for sure when it was founded this metropolis, some experts say that the place began to be populated between the V and VI century and established an approximate date to mark the emergence of the region. Thus, in May 1982 was held on 1500th anniversary of the city.
1. Kiev is developed on both sides of the Dnieper River and is limited both by the river Desna (like the other navigable waterway that is part of the landscape of the city) as reservoirs of Kiev and Kaniv.
There, the climate is continental humid and hotter months are June, July and August, and the coldest days are between December, January and February.
Those who come to the capital of Ukrainian territory are surprised by the number of sites of historical profile that still remain (such as the old bridge over the Dnieper River, the impressive Saint Sophia Cathedral, the Golden Gate and called Monastery Kiev Caves, etc.), the international festivals that take place throughout the year, landscapes and existing alternatives in leisure. Moreover, thanks to its strong infrastructure in terms of public transport, the city offers travelers the possibility to move through the subway, trolleybuses, taxis, marshruts (small capacity cars) and trams, using the services of major airports close or to make a sightseeing boat.
The third largest city in the nation is Dnepropetrovsk, a city on the banks of the Dnieper River, in addition to being the capital of the oblast namesake, is known for being a center commercial, industrial and economic development of great importance and the main aviation hub in the country.
Dnipropetrovsk, an area where continental climatic conditions combined with the mild climate, is a beautiful metropolis that knew called Yekaterinoslav after being rebuilt by the Russian Prince Grigori Alexandrovich Potemkin and be surrounded by several military fortifications that despite the passage of time , can still be seen.
While walking through its streets and internalized by each of the existing sites, the traveler has the opportunity to learn about the customs of its inhabitants, enjoy the charm of its parks and beaches, assess the historical and cultural richness that is treasured there, appreciate the past spot region and architectural features from various eras.
The second largest city in Ukraine is located in the northeast portion of the country and shares the name with which it has the oblast administrative center: Kharkiv.
This metropolis that, according to some historical data began to be populated since 2000 BC, was founded in the mid-seventeenth century and served from 1917 to 1934 as the capital of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, is today one of the main industrial, cultural and educational aspects of the nation. There, besides factories engaged in the production of machinery and weapons, there is a university since 1805, runs a 28-station subway and kept the Freedom Square, a quaint space, at European level, is considered the third largest square.
4. Saint Sophia Cathedral
The Cathedral of St. Sophia of Kiev was the first Ukrainian named a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. This temple was begun in 1037 and was inspired by a cathedral of Constantinople in the sixth century.
Five ships, five apses and no less than 13 domes form the structure of the Cathedral of St. Sophia. Inside the building the frescoes and mosaics of the eleventh century and the tomb of Yaroslav the Wise.
The Soviet era was also difficult for the Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kiev, which was about to be destroyed but was saved by the efforts of scientists and historians.
5. Nikitsky Botanical Garden
The peninsula of Crimea, near Yalta, presents a major center for research on native flora, known as the Nikitsky Botanical Garden. It was founded in 1812 and covers an area of â€‹â€‹1,100 hectares from the highlands to the shores of the Black Sea.
Beyond its scientific importance, the Nikitsky Botanical Garden is a tourist attraction that attracts visitors with more than 50,000 species and collections of all kinds.
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